Biodiversity conservation through the introduction of effective integrated rangeland management mechanisms

What we are doing
Implementation Period
  • Implementation Period: 2019 - 2022
  • Donor organization: Sigrid Rausing Trust
  • Geographical location: Тонский район, Иссык-Кульская область, Кыргызская Республика.
CAMP Alatoo PF supported an initiative by the local community in Ton district of Issyk-Kul region to establish a protected area in the foothills of the Teskei Alatoo ridge as part of the project. Residents of several rural districts, including the Hunters and Fishermen's Society, were concerned that some wildlife species had recently declined in their area and that there had been cases of roots and bulbs of plants and medicinal herbs being dug up. In addition, during one of the participatory workshops the possibility of creating a pilot zone in which all economic activities would be restricted was discussed, in order to find out the real impact of livestock production on pastures. CAMP Alatoo PF has developed a proposal for a pilot community-based Baiboosun micro-reserve, managed and protected by all stakeholders through mutually beneficial agreements. The total area of the reserve is 14,000 hectares. The altitude range is from 2,800 to 4,478 m above sea level.

Project Background

Kyrgyzstan's legislation (Law of Kyrgyz Republic "On Specially Protected Natural Areas") provides for the establishment of micro-reserves because, unlike other types of protected areas, they do not require the withdrawal of large areas from economic use, and the decision to establish one is made by local authorities.  Microreserves limit cattle grazing, hunting, collection of medicinal herbs and provide conditions for restoration of wildlife populations.

The establishment and operation of the Baiboosun is part of a Memorandum of Cooperation signed by the heads of the Department of Biodiversity Conservation and Protected Areas of the State Agency of Environmental Protection and Forestry of the Kyrgyz Republic, the local state administration, three rural districts, pasture committees, the CAMP Alatoo PF and the hunting and fishing community.

A scientific expedition was organised with the participation of staff from the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences to analyse the nature conservation value and determine the functional zoning of the reserve.

Project Objectives & Goals

The micro-reserve was established to achieve the following objectives:

  • Conservation of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • Conservation of the gene pool of grazing vegetation seeds
  • Institutional development of hunting organisations
  • Improving the aesthetic attractiveness of landscapes

The project had the important and urgent task of developing an overall concept and confirming the ecological, scientific and economic feasibility of the micro-reserve.

Project Result

According to the data collected using the route reconnaissance method in different areas and recorded using camera traps installed in the microreserve, the following species of flora and fauna were found:

  • 506 species of vascular plants united by 292 genera from 60 families (incomplete list as it does not include spring vegetative plants)
  • Semenov's onion (Allium semenovii Regel), listed in the Red Data Book
  • 60 bird species (of which 6 species are included in the Red Book of Kyrgyzstan and on the IUCN list)
  • 18 mammal species
  • Snow leopard, Pallas' cat, Turkestan lynx and stone marten (included in the Red Book of Kyrgyzstan and IUCN)

On the basis of the data obtained, staff members of the Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic presented the rationale and recommendations for the establishment of a micro-reserve. In their opinion, the area has a high level of diversity of flora and fauna typical of the central part of the Teskey Ala-Too Range.

The rangers were trained to monitor and protect biodiversity, record wildlife, determine species composition and learn how to use automatic cameras and GPS, including their practical application in the field.  To protect the micro-reserve, 6 photo traps, 2 GPS navigators, 10 walkie-talkies, 5 field uniforms and a spyglass were bought and given to the rangers. In the territory of the protected area, 3 scraps (a structure that protects from weather conditions and is intended for observation of wild animals and birds) were installed.