Kyrgyzstan's legislation (Law of Kyrgyz Republic "On Specially Protected Natural Areas") provides for the establishment of micro-reserves because, unlike other types of protected areas, they do not require the withdrawal of large areas from economic use, and the decision to establish one is made by local authorities. Microreserves limit cattle grazing, hunting, collection of medicinal herbs and provide conditions for restoration of wildlife populations.
The establishment and operation of the Baiboosun is part of a Memorandum of Cooperation signed by the heads of the Department of Biodiversity Conservation and Protected Areas of the State Agency of Environmental Protection and Forestry of the Kyrgyz Republic, the local state administration, three rural districts, pasture committees, the CAMP Alatoo PF and the hunting and fishing community.
A scientific expedition was organised with the participation of staff from the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences to analyse the nature conservation value and determine the functional zoning of the reserve.
The micro-reserve was established to achieve the following objectives:
The project had the important and urgent task of developing an overall concept and confirming the ecological, scientific and economic feasibility of the micro-reserve.
According to the data collected using the route reconnaissance method in different areas and recorded using camera traps installed in the microreserve, the following species of flora and fauna were found:
On the basis of the data obtained, staff members of the Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic presented the rationale and recommendations for the establishment of a micro-reserve. In their opinion, the area has a high level of diversity of flora and fauna typical of the central part of the Teskey Ala-Too Range.
The rangers were trained to monitor and protect biodiversity, record wildlife, determine species composition and learn how to use automatic cameras and GPS, including their practical application in the field. To protect the micro-reserve, 6 photo traps, 2 GPS navigators, 10 walkie-talkies, 5 field uniforms and a spyglass were bought and given to the rangers. In the territory of the protected area, 3 scraps (a structure that protects from weather conditions and is intended for observation of wild animals and birds) were installed.