The goal is to improve the living conditions of the rural population through participatory and sustainable management of pasture resources, as well as ameliorate the effects of erosion and pasture degradation.
To achieve this goal, CAMP Alatoo developed, tested, and adapted an approach called participatory and sustainable pasture management. This approach aims to manage pastures by involving all stakeholders and integrating environmental, economic and social priorities that affect pasture sustainability.
The following tools have been developed within this approach:
- Utilising a “Learning for Sustainability” (L4S) training module to raise awareness among pasture users and build capacity of the Pasture Committee members to address the factors associated with community based pasture management. The module is based on the active involvement of stakeholders at all levels and involves various simulation and role-playing games, as well as the distribution of tasks among participants. L4S workshops take place in villages and include the presence of local specialists and consultants, allowing for modules to be adapted to/and enriched with locally-produced data, maps, consulting and fact checking.
- Monitoring of pastures by farmers to develop a reasonable pasture use plan. Demonstration sites and monitoring points are to be established in all pastoral sites. This tool allows for the timely identification of changes related to the state and productivity of pasture areas that are affected by both anthropogenic and climatic factors. It also allows for the assessment of pasture sites to prevent and mitigate negative processes.
- Mapping of pasture sites to design annual pasture use plans. The development of seasonal grazing area maps is the basis for a balanced participatory distribution of cattle as per the capacity and seasonal use of pastures.
- Forming of Microcredit Agencies (MCA) to facilitate the production and storage of winter fodder, improving farmers’ access to seeds, and ensuring farmers’ financial means by increasing animal productivity. MCAs collect applications from local farmers to improve access to seeds and adopt more sustainable fodder crops cultivation practices to be used for winter feeding.
- Discussing a Pasture Committee budget with the necessary amount of funds required for implementing an annual pasture management plan. A detailed budget is to be discussed at a General Assembly of Pasture Users and approved by the Aiyl Kenesh (Village Council).
- Estimating the cost of a pasture ticket. The amount of payment for utilising pastures is determined by dividing all the required costs (including land tax) by the amount of conditional livestock (519,800 KGS : 7852 CL = 66.2 KGS / CL) (Brief description).
- Assessing the economic losses on pastures in case of their degradation. Actions against degradation are beneficial for the land but usually increase production costs for land users. An appropriate study was conducted in the south of Kyrgyzstan. The background of the study is the ELD (Economics of Land Degradation) initiative, which raises political and public awareness about the economic costs and benefits of healthy and productive lands. The study is based on an analysis of incurred losses that pasture users face through soil degradation, and their comparison with the costs for mitigation measures and investments for rehabilitation measures. Actions against degradation are beneficial for the land but usually increase production costs for land users. Economic decisions should be based on the understanding of changes in economic welfare from small changes to ecosystems. The study uses the market price-based approach + cost-based approach.
- Participatory planning of pasture use together with secondary users – specifically hunters—is represented by hunting companies and the Hunting Department. This is one of the steps towards wildlife conservation and sustainable pasture management. The tool is based on participatory mapping of pasture areas by reflecting the borders of territories used by hunting companies that carry out their activities directly on the pastures of Aiyl Okrugs (Village Governments).
A GIZ climate assessment tool, called “Climate Proofing Tool”, was incorporated into CAMP Alatoo’s approach to sustainable pasture management with the idea of a systematic approach to climate change adaptation that identifies the factors that affect the vulnerability of the system and defines priority actions.
Dissemination of the approaches and tools:
- The main approaches and tools have been incorporated into CAMP Alatoo’s guide on how to develop community pasture management plans.
- They are used in the training module “Monitoring and Evaluation of Pasture Use”.
- Six of them are documented in a World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT).
- The elaborated approaches and tools are used in the development of a training module on sustainable pasture management for Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
History of the projects:
|2008-2011||Sustainable Pasture Management in the Jergetal and Onarcha River Basins||GIZ||Kyrgyzstan, Naryn oblast, Naryn rayon|
|2012-2014||Sustainable Pasture Management in the south of Kyrgyzstan||GIZ||Kyrgyzstan, Jalal-Abad oblast, Bazar-Korgon and Suzak rayons|
|2012-2014||Forming of Social Institutes in the Transformation Process: Facilitating Institutional Development for Public Resource Management in Central Asia||Humboldt University of Berlin, Department of Economy and Agriculture, Subdepartment of Resources Economic||Kyrgyzstan, Water basins of Jergetal, Sokuluk, Leilek, At-Bashy, Kara-Alma, Kyzyl-Unkur and Suusamyr villages|
|2013-2014||Conservation of Biodiversity through Integrated Pasture and Wildlife Management||Christensen Fund||Kyrgyzstan, Naryn oblast, At-Bashy rayon|