Conflict Management Over Natural Resources

Conflicts over natural resources are induced by several factors, including shortcomings of the resource management systems, instability of the management institutes, unfavorable framework conditions (legislative framework, climate change, political instability, etc.) and limited resources. A comprehensive approach for analysing and mitigating these factors forms the basis for managing conflicts over natural resources.

The goal of this activity area is to improve the capacity of local institutions to analyse local conflicts over natural resources, take adequate measures for their mitigation, and improve framework conditions.

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The following approaches are applied:

  • Mitigate conflicts over natural resources on a watershed level in successive steps: conflict analysis, analysis of a resource use system, identification of framework conditions and mechanisms of their influence, and introduction of various measures for conflict mitigation. The approach includes actions both at local and national levels.
  • Conflict management at local level.

 

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The approaches include the following tools:

  • Learning for Sustainability (L4S) training module on managing conflicts over natural resources. The module includes classical blocks in conflict management: definition of a conflict, challenges in dealing with a conflict, conflict analysis, communication skills and behavior, and conflict prevention.
  • Two-day L4S module for schoolchildren on conflict management over natural resources.
  • Analysing and mapping conflicts based on interviews with various stakeholder groups, review of literature, data and typology of conflicts.
  • A political dialogue and improvement of the framework conditions to mitigate conflicts. Framework conditions and their impact on the conflicts are discussed in an inter-level dialogue, and measures for their improvement are developed through organizing round tables, meetings and involvement of the Mass Media.
  • Implement infrastructural measures for conflict mitigation at the local level. The conflict mitigation measures include both infrastructural and other activities – plans, seminars, workshops, etc.
  • Develop conflict management plans both at community and water basin levels.
  • Form an initiative working group at a rayon/watershed level by involving major institutions that work in the field of sustainable use of pastures and are responsible for decision making.
  • Investigate conflicts over natural resources, including their analytical review.

Dissemination of the elaborated tools and approaches:

  • Advise Uzbek colleagues on adapting the L4S conflict management module to the conditions of Uzbekistan.
  • Develop and produce a brochure titled, “What do we need to know about pasture management?” in Russian and Kyrgyz languages.
  • Become a member of the Coordination Council on sustainable pasture management under the Pasture Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Melioration.

History of the projects:

Implementation period Project title Donor Geography
2010-2011 Pasture Use Conflict Management in the Watershed of the Jergetal River UK Embassy in Astana Kyrgyzstan, Naryn oblast, Naryn rayon
2012 -2015 Pasture Use Conflict Management in the Watershed of the Leilek River in South of Kyrgyzstan UK Embassy in Bishkek Kyrgyzstan, Batken oblast, Leilek rayon
2012 Rehabilitation of a Water Point at the Navi Tamchysai site of the Kulundu AO and the Suluusai site of the Leilek AO Embassy of Federal Republic of Germany in KR Kyrgyzstan, Batken oblast, Leilek rayon
2012 Capacity Building of Pasture Committees for Conflict Preventions in Leilek IRG USAID Kyrgyzstan, Batken oblast, Leilek rayon
2012 Study of Pasture Resource Conflicts in Kyrgyzstan ACTED Kyrgyzstan, Osh oblast
2013 Adapting the L4S Conflict Management Module to the conditions of Uzbekistan GIZ Uzbekistan,Farizh rayon