Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (World commission on environment and development (ICED) 1987).
Sustainable development is based on socio-cultural development, political stability and common rules, economic growth, and ecosystem protection. In other words, sustainable development means achieving a balance of natural, economic and social aspects with respect to a geographical location.
Decisions on sustainable development will not be effective if they focus too narrowly. For example, one cannot focus on pasture and water resource use only from the perspective of biodiversity conservation and not take into account market relations, socio-cultural and institutional conditions, and so on. It is important to have a comprehensive understanding of the problems and utilise diverse, integrated approaches. Moreover, mountain regions are fragile and vulnerable, both from the perspectives of the natural environment and socio-economic development. For this reason, the issues of sustainable natural resource management – as well as ways to form fruitful collaboration and partnerships at all levels – are important conditions for the future development of Central Asia.
CAMP Alatoo’s work in mountain regions embraces the principle of sustainable development. This is reflected in our integrated approach to natural resource management in our six fields of work.